Call for Natural Disaster Fund
20 June 2013 at 12:36 pm
An Australian Business and Not for Profit Roundtable has released a White Paper calling for a $250 million pre-natural disaster fund to be set up in a bid to save billions of dollars in post-disaster relief expected by 2050.
The White Paper says the fund would save $12 billion in post-disaster funding – cutting the cost of government responses to future natural disasters by more than 50%.
The ‘Building our Nation’s Resilience to Natural Disasters’ White Paper forecasts the cost of natural disasters in Australia to rise from $6.3 billion a year currently, to around $23 billion a year in 2050 as population density increases and the severity and frequency of storms, floods, cyclones and bushfires grow.
The Australian Business Roundtable for Disaster Resilience and Safer Communities is made up of leaders from the Australian Red Cross, Westpac, Optus, IAG, Munich Re, and Investa.
The Roundtable says the White Paper details a more sustainable and comprehensive approach to managing natural disasters that could ultimately save lives, reduce damage to property and vital national infrastructure, and free taxpayer money to spend on essential public services.
The White Paper says each year the Australian Government spends an estimated $560 million on post-disaster relief and recovery compared with an estimated $50 million on pre-disaster resilience.
The White Paper says a program of resilience expenditure of around $250 million a year to 2050 would ultimately generate budget savings of more than $12 billion and Australian Government expenditure on disaster response could reduce by more than 50%.
“All levels of Government – led by the National Resilience Advisor – should commit to consolidating current outlays on mitigation and to funding a long-term program which significantly boosts investment in mitigation infrastructure and activity.”
The White Paper includes case studies on the communities of South East Queensland, Hawkesbury-Nepean in New South Wales and the Melbourne fringe that practically illustrate how preventative spend now saves money into the future.
- A program focusing on building more resilient new homes in high cyclone risk areas of South East Queensland would reduce cyclone risk for these homes by 66% and would save three dollars for every dollar spent up front.
- Flood mitigation in the Hawkesbury-Nepean by raising the Warragamba Dam wall 23 metres would reduce flood costs between 2013 and 2050 from $4.1 billion to $1.1 billion, saving $3 billion. This saves more than eight dollars for every dollar spent up front.
- Bushfire mitigation in Victoria focused on vegetation management and reducing ignition sources would have a positive cost benefit ratio of 3:1.
The White Paper says a fresh approach to pre-disaster resilience is required to enable more effective prioritisation of mitigation expenditure, based on the national interest and the best economic return.
It says while there is a lot of positive resilience and disaster management activity already underway, with work taking place under different policies, departments and agencies, there is an opportunity to be better aligned and co-ordinated.
The White Paper recommends:
- Improve co-ordination of pre-disaster resilience by appointing a National Resilience Advisor and establishing a Business and Community Advisory Group: The advisor would co-ordinate and prioritise activity across all levels of government. The Advisor would be supported by the creation of a Business and Community Advisory Group to leverage knowledge and expertise.
- Commit to long-term annual consolidated funding for pre-disaster resilience: The fund wouldconsolidate current mitigation spend and centralise new spending to deliver long-term taxpayer savings. A $250 million fund could deliver $12 billion in savings over time.
- Identify and prioritise pre-disaster investment activities that deliver a positive net impact on future budget outlays: All mitigation to be prioritised based on the national interest and economic benefit as determined by the cost benefit ratio achieved and future budget impact.
Some of the worst disasters in Australia’s history have been in recent years including the 2009 Black Saturday bushfires in Victoria in which 173 people were killed and more than 800 injured and the 2010/11 Queensland floods in which 22,000 homes and 7,600 businesses were flooded across 94 suburbs.
Over the period from 1967 to 2012 Australia experienced at least four natural disasters a year.
2011 was the worst year on record in Australia for natural disasters. An unprecedented number of natural disasters in the form of floods, cyclones, hailstorms, and bushfires saw total insured losses of around $12 billion.
For copies of the White Paper visit www.australianbusinessroundtable.com.au.