Collaboration is Subversive
22 July 2014 at 10:34 am
The wish for collaboration rarely sees translation into reality writes, Geoff Aigner, Director of Social Leadership Australia at The Benevolent Society, which is co-host of Collective Impact 2014 in Melbourne.
It’s become quite fashionable for leaders in organisations to say they want their people to collaborate more effectively – both internally and externally. This is a noble and important wish. But as that (very old) saying goes, “you can wish in one hand and spit in the other and see which one gets filled up first”.
The wish for collaboration rarely sees translation into reality. In fact sometimes this wish and the continued use of collaborative language does more harm than good. It has become overused and started to represent some kind of magical thinking which we rarely see in our work and ). So what happens then is potential collaborators get caught in a “low dream”.
Social Leadership Australia sees this in many of the collaborations we support in our consulting work. Stakeholders often come in with one of three “low dream” motivations:
- I want to see if I can gain something.
- I want to make sure we don’t lose anything.
- My boss forced me to come.
This is not a problem of poor intentions. I sincerely believe that most organisations and change leaders sincerely do want to collaborate and understand that many and probably most of the toughest problems they face can’t be solved on our own.
Either we don’t have the power to implement, the ideas to innovate or both. So we recognise we need others – different functions, values, cultures, sectors or geographies working together to conceive and implement adaptation in our systems. We can’t have a conversation about fixing the whole system without the whole system being part of it – as annoying as other parts of that system might be to us.
And this is where it starts to get difficult. Our part of the system (my organisation, work group, culture or whatever “faction” you sit in) want to collaborate but it doesn’t really want to lose anything. In other words we encounter the competing commitment of a relationship that will actually change us. “yes I want to work with you and gain the benefit of that – but also I don’t want to have to give up anything”. It sounds a bit like a marriage.
This competing commitment is felt most keenly by those who are pushed forward by their organisations, factions or cultures to collaborate. If we have the awareness and skill to really start to work with others and participate in the inevitable negotiation around power, control, benefits and losses then we begin to see what the collaboration can bring to changing the system. But our home faction has either forgotten about us out there in the world trying to do something beyond business as usual and/or were just banking on the wins without any of the losses. This is what makes the role of a collaborator in any collective endeavour inevitably subversive.
It is subversive for two reasons. Firstly, that our systems are generally supportive of the status quo – no matter how much it talks about wanting change. And the status quo rewards and promotes doing business with people like us rather than dealing with diversity in stakeholders or ideas. Often systems are not only NOT supportive, they actively discourage working with difference. I meet many collaborators who meet the aggressive suggestion from their own systems that perhaps they “should just go and work for THEM!” when they are doing work which is truly collaborative.
Secondly it is subversive because it requires thinking beyond our own sub-system’s interests and instead on the gains and losses that others might experience from other parts of the system. It means moving beyond either naïve ideas of WIN/WIN (if there was a WIN/WIN somebody would have already taken it) or getting stuck in a competition for the benefits. It means sharing wins and losses and, ultimately, power.
How do we work with this subversion and survive? It means having a much clearer understanding of the multiple roles collaboration calls forth. Collaboration fails when collaborators only conceive of themselves in one role. That is, the “advocate” role for my own faction.
This role needs to be balanced by the “system” role. This is the role that works on the level of the whole system and how to adapt it. No one makes progress when we are all stuck in the advocate role. Similarly, if all we take is the System role our faction might kill us off or pull out of the collaboration because we aren’t looking after our own faction enough. Seeing that everyone needs to be aware of and hold both these roles is a vital step in effective collaborations. It requires awareness, skill to move fluidly between roles and, ultimately, compassion. It requires and engenders compassion because all collaborators need to and become keenly aware of the delicate balance we all hold in balancing these two roles and find ways of being useful to each other.
About the Author: Geoff Aigner, author, educator, consultant and Director of Social Leadership Australia at The Benevolent Society Collective Impact 2014 Conference is co-hosted by The Centre for Social Impact – who have developed expertise in the Collective Impact framework, and are sharing knowledge and developing a community of interest for Australian practitioners – and Social Leadership Australia – who teach the Adaptive Leadership approach at the heart of the Collective Impact model, and the central skills of working collaboratively across sectors to make progress on complex issues.